The first country to deploy the 5G network was South Korea, followed by the United Kingdom, Germany, and the United States. The 5G deployments will improvise mobile communication, making it faster, along with the overall concept of Industry 4.0. The Internet of Things (IoT) is a major driver to boost the 5G deployments. Various governments are planning to develop smart cities, and with IoT, 5G will majorly supplement their initiatives. Moreover, 5G deployments in the healthcare sector are particularly helping remote surgery technology. The lag in the communication between the robotic arm and the doctor’s input is reduced to the minimum, increasing the operation’s safety. On the other hand, video/music streaming and online gaming will gain a push in terms of speeds achieved by the technology. To make autonomous driving work, data needs to be processed faster; 5 G technology is expected to give the required leverage to this sector.
The following table mentions developments of 5G networks in various countries:
Korea launched 5G technology in April 2019.
According to the data from the country’s Ministry of Science and ICT, 5G users reached 7.86 million in July 2020, up from 487,190 in 2019.
5G accounts for 11.3% of the mobile subscriptions in South Korea.
There are three major players in the 5G space in the country: SK Telecom, KT & LG Uplus.
In the United States, the first 5G was launched in April 2019 by Verizon.
The major players in the United States 5G market are Verizon, AT&T & T-Mobile.
Surveys point out that the 5G speeds are not as high against 4GLte as were promised. This might change as companies set up more infrastructure, such as small cells.
The country launched 5G in November 2019.
In October 2020, China’s Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) announced to have built more than 600,000 5G base stations. The number of devices connecting to the network has exceeded 150 million.
The current 5G subscribers are still a fraction of the potential market in China.
The major players in the country are China Mobile, China Telecom, and China Unicom.
5G Networks were launched in the country in May 2019.
The first one to deploy 5G in the country was EE. Vodafone followed suit in July 2019 and later was launched by O2 in October 2019. Further, launches were done by BT mobile in October 2019 and Sky Mobile in January 2020.
Furthermore, global politics is affecting the United Kingdom’s 5G market. For example, in July 2020, Britain announced to ban equipment from the Chinese technology giant Huawei.
The country’s first 5G network was launched in July 2020 by Deutsche Telekom. This network covered only two cities and needed a 900 Euro phone.
Deutsche Telekom is the most aggressive player in the region. Other major players in the country are Vodafone & O2.
Currently, 3,000 towns and municipalities have 5G in the country.
In September 2020, Bundesnetzagentur (Federal Network Agency), which regulates the telecom industry in Germany, announced that they have awarded 74 licenses to private players for deploying 5G networks on 3.7-3.8GHz.
Huawei may face challenges in the country. According to sources, the German government is planning strict oversight of telecommunications network vendors.
With the increased demand for higher data speeds and developments in technologies, such as augmented reality, virtual reality, robotic surgeries, the need for 5G is even more emphasized. Furthermore, 5G technology may boost a country’s economy as it augments the cloud technology and leads to the development of software and technologies that were not possible before because of limited speed.