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NORWAY LIQUEFIED NATURAL GAS (LNG) MARKET

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NORWAY LIQUEFIED NATURAL GAS (LNG) MARKET

Natural gas is a fossil fuel majorly comprising of methane. As with other fossil fuels, it is formed deep beneath the earth’s surface due to the decomposition of dead plants and animals under extreme heat and pressures. Natural gas is cleaner than most other fossilized fuels. However, its calorific value is lower than the fossil fuels like petrol, diesel, and LPG.

NORWAY LIQUEFIED NATURAL GAS (LNG) MARKET

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Natural gas is a fossil fuel majorly comprising of methane. As with other fossil fuels, it is formed deep beneath the earth’s surface due to the decomposition of dead plants and animals under extreme heat and pressures. Natural gas is cleaner than most other fossilized fuels. However, its calorific value is lower than the fossil fuels like petrol, diesel, and LPG.

norway-liquefied-natural-gas-market

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The rising natural gas costs and Europe’s energy crisis propel the natural gas market growth in Norway. It is one of the biggest gas producers in Europe, contributing to the expanding global natural gas market. As of 2020, the country’s total proven reserves are 1.40 trillion cubic meters.

Norway constitutes between 20% and 25% of Europe’s gas consumption. Almost all of the oil and gas produced is exported, together accounting for over half of the total value of Norwegian exports. As a result, these are the most significant export commodities in Norway’s economy. In 2020, primary energy consumption was increased by 8.43%.

The Norwegian gas pipeline network spans around 8 800 kilometers. Onshore facilities carry liquefied natural gas (LNG), oil, and wet gas to ships. In contrast, dry gas is carried to the United Kingdom and continental Europe.

The huge Snhvit LNG project began with the development of three gas fields, Albatross, Snøhvit, and Askeladd. These fields, found in the 1980s, are believed to have 193 Bm3 of natural gas reserves, 17.9 Bm3 of condensate reserves, and 5.1 metrics MMt of NGL reserves. The Albatross and Snøhvit fields became operational in 2007.

The peculiar geography of Norway provides a competitive advantage with regard to the LNG market. Given the LNG’s properties, it can be supplied and carried in huge quantities directly to customers in any part of the complex Norwegian landscape. Furthermore, compared to other Nordic nations, Norway lacks a significant gas grid infrastructure. Therefore, LNG is a suitable logistical option for moving huge amounts of energy to customers.

Since LNG is highly flammable and major exporting takes place by the sea, many regulations are to be followed by the industry players. Key regulatory authorities that govern the LNG industry in the country are the Ministry of Petroleum and Energy (MPE), the NPD, the Petroleum Safety Authority Norway (PSA), the Royal Norwegian Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs, the Ministry of Climate and Environment (Norway), the Norwegian Environment Agency, and the Ministry of Finance.

The top LNG companies in the country are Equinor ASA, Total E&P Norge AS, ExxonMobil, Shell, etc.

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    1. NORWAY LNG MARKET: EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
    2. NORWAY OVERALL ECONOMIC CONDITIONS
    3. NORWAY PRIMARY ENERGY CONSUMPTION
    4. NATURAL GAS
      • NORWAY NATURAL GAS TOTAL PROVED RESERVES, PRODUCTION, AND CONSUMPTION
        • TOTAL PROVED RESERVES
        • NATURAL GAS PRODUCTION
        • NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION
    1. LIQUIFIED NATURAL GAS
      • VALUE CHAIN ANALYSIS
        • EXPLORATION AND PRODUCTION
        • LIQUEFACTION
        • SHIPPING
        • STORAGE AND REGASIFICATION
        • END-USERS
      • TRADE
        • EXPORTS
      • LNG TERMINALS
        • LIST OF LNG EXPORT TERMINALS
      • REGULATORY FRAMEWORK FOR LNG

    LIST OF TABLES

    TABLE 1: NORWAY NATURAL GAS TOTAL PROVED RESERVES, 2000, 2010, AND 2020 (IN TRILLION CUBIC METERS)

    TABLE 2: NORWAY NATURAL GAS PRODUCTION, 2016-2020 (IN EXAJOULES)

    TABLE 3: NORWAY NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION, 2016-2020 (IN EXAJOULES)

    TABLE 4: NORWAY LNG EXPORTS, 2016-2020 (IN BILLION CUBIC METERS)

    TABLE 5: LNG EXPORT TERMINALS, EXISTING

    TABLE 6: REGULATORY FRAMEWORK

    LIST OF FIGURES

    FIGURE 1: NORWAY GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT, 2016-2020 ($ BILLION)

    FIGURE 2: PRIMARY ENERGY CONSUMPTION, BY FUEL TYPES, 2019 & 2020 (IN %)

    FIGURE 3: PRIMARY ENERGY CONSUMPTION, 2016-2020 (EXAJOULES)

    FIGURE 4: NORWAY NATURAL GAS PRODUCTION VS CONSUMPTION, 2016-2020 (IN EXAJOULES)

    FIGURE 5: VALUE CHAIN ANALYSIS

    NORWAY GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT, 2016-2020, ($ BILLION)

    norway-lng-market-GDP

    GDP (constant 2010 US$)
    Source: World Bank

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