Natural gas is a fossil fuel majorly comprising methane. Like other fossil fuels, it is formed deep beneath the earth’s surface due to the decomposition of dead plants and animals under extreme heat and pressures. Although natural gas is cleaner than most other fossilized fuels, its calorific value is lower than fossil fuels such as petrol, diesel, and LNG.

ITALY LIQUEFIED NATURAL GAS (LNG) MARKET

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Natural gas is a fossil fuel majorly comprising methane. Like other fossil fuels, it is formed deep beneath the earth’s surface due to the decomposition of dead plants and animals under extreme heat and pressures. Although natural gas is cleaner than most other fossilized fuels, its calorific value is lower than fossil fuels such as petrol, diesel, and LNG.

italy-liquefied-natural-gas-market

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Natural gas accounts for the majority of Italy’s primary energy consumption. Moreover, in 2020, natural gas equated to 41.64% of the country’s primary energy consumption. As Europe’s second-largest natural gas importer after Germany, Italy is the third-largest consumer, trailing behind Germany and the United Kingdom. As a result, the country is a desirable natural gas market

The primary distribution of natural gas is ensured by a 32,534 kilometer-long gas pipeline network that encompasses Italy, excluding Sardinia. Furthermore, municipal companies, local governments, or private firms are in charge of the secondary distribution of natural gas. Local enterprises that receive natural gas outside cities control its distribution through their networks in over 5,000 towns, distributing natural gas to homes, commercial businesses, and small industries.

The history of LNG in Italy can be traced back to 1969. In 1969, LNG exchanges took place between Algeria and France, Libya and Italy, and Spain and Cook Bay in Japan, subsequently becoming the first project in the Pacific. While the first LNG terminal was built at Panigaglia in July 2001, the Adriatic LNG terminal was the country’s LNG offshore terminal. Italy also imports large volumes of LNG on account of its shortage of energy.

Qatar was Italy’s largest supplier of liquefied natural gas in 2020, with 5.05 million tonnes imported. Baker Hughes, a United States-based company, is developing LNG facilities and components in Italy, primarily through the Nuovo Pignone company, and exporting them globally. Furthermore, the Ministry of Economic Development (MISE) has also approved small-scale coastal LNG storage facilities for Higas, IVI Petrolifera, and IsGas Energit Multi-Utilities.

The top LNG companies in the country are Snam S.p.A, Exxon Mobil, Eni S.p.A., Edison S.p.A., Enel S.p.A, etc.

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    1. ITALY LNG MARKET: EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
    2. ITALY OVERALL ECONOMIC CONDITIONS
    3. ITALY PRIMARY ENERGY CONSUMPTION
    4. NATURAL GAS
      • ITALY NATURAL GAS TOTAL PROVED RESERVES, PRODUCTION, AND CONSUMPTION
        • TOTAL PROVED RESERVES
        • NATURAL GAS PRODUCTION
        • NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION
    1. LIQUIFIED NATURAL GAS
      • VALUE CHAIN ANALYSIS
        • EXPLORATION AND PRODUCTION
        • LIQUEFACTION
        • SHIPPING
        • STORAGE AND REGASIFICATION
        • END-USERS
      • TRADE
        • IMPORTS
      • LNG TERMINALS
        • LIST OF LNG IMPORT TERMINALS
      • REGULATORY FRAMEWORK FOR LNG

    LIST OF TABLES

    TABLE 1: ITALY NATURAL GAS PRODUCTION, 2016-2020 (IN EXAJOULES)

    TABLE 2: ITALY NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION, 2016-2020 (IN EXAJOULES)

    TABLE 3: ITALY LNG IMPORTS, 2016-2020 (IN BILLION CUBIC METERS)

    TABLE 4: LNG IMPORT TERMINALS, EXISTING

    TABLE 5: LNG IMPORT TERMINALS, NOT YET BUILT

    TABLE 6: REGULATORY FRAMEWORK

    LIST OF FIGURES

    FIGURE 1: ITALY GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT, 2016-2020 ($ BILLION)

    FIGURE 2: PRIMARY ENERGY CONSUMPTION, BY FUEL TYPES, 2019 & 2020 (IN %)

    FIGURE 3: PRIMARY ENERGY CONSUMPTION, 2016-2020 (EXAJOULES)

    FIGURE 4: ITALY NATURAL GAS TOTAL PROVED RESERVES, 2000, 2010 & 2020 (IN TRILLION CUBIC METERS)

    FIGURE 5: ITALY NATURAL GAS PRODUCTION VS CONSUMPTION, 2016-2020 (IN EXAJOULES)

    FIGURE 6: VALUE CHAIN ANALYSIS

    ITALY GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT, 2016-2020, ($ BILLION)

    italy-lng-market-GDP

    GDP (constant 2010 US$)
    Source: World Bank

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