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FRANCE LIQUEFIED NATURAL GAS (LNG) MARKET

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FRANCE LIQUEFIED NATURAL GAS (LNG) MARKET

Natural gas is a fossil fuel majorly comprising of methane. As with other fossil fuels, it is formed deep beneath the earth’s surface due to the decomposition of dead plants and animals under extreme heat and pressures. Natural gas is cleaner than most other fossilized fuels. However, its calorific value is lower than the fossil fuels like petrol, diesel, and LPG.

FRANCE LIQUEFIED NATURAL GAS (LNG) MARKET

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Natural gas is a fossil fuel majorly comprising of methane. As with other fossil fuels, it is formed deep beneath the earth’s surface due to the decomposition of dead plants and animals under extreme heat and pressures. Natural gas is cleaner than most other fossilized fuels. However, its calorific value is lower than the fossil fuels like petrol, diesel, and LPG.

france-liquefied-natural-gas-market

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The increasing demand for consumption purposes, lower carbon footprint, and short-term alternatives for natural gas increase the natural gas demands in the country. Also, there is a growing demand for heating and electricity needs. France is a major importer of natural gas in Europe, with 19.6 billion cubic meters in 2020 worldwide.

France has signed Kyoto Protocol, and its reduction goals for carbon dioxide have increased the use of natural gas. This is one of the major growth drivers of the France LNG market. Natural gas reduces the emission of carbon and oil by 50% and 25%, respectively, which makes it a favored fuel from an environmental perspective. In addition, the high demand for gas for power generation contributes to market growth.

France has reduced the gas production from 117032 Tj (Tera Joules) gross in 1990 to 724 Tj gross in 2020. The country has increased natural gas use in many sectors, like industry, residential, fishing, agriculture, transport, commercial & public services, and non-energy. One of the distinct factors is that the biggest consumer is the residential sector instead of the industry.

The first commercial shipment of natural gas in the country arrived in 1964 from Algerian LNG. The Algerian plant of Arzew was the first high-capacity liquefaction terminal. Further exchanges took place in 1969 between Algeria and France, Libya and Italy, and Spain and Cook Bay in Japan (this was the first project in the Pacific area).

The country’s regulatory bodies for the LNG sector are being monitored by the Ministry of Economy and Ministry of Environment. The Energy Regulatory Commission (CRE) is an independent public body regulating the French electricity and gas markets. The Dispute Settlement and Sanctions Committee (CoRDiS) was created in 2006, which is a part of the CRE.

The top LNG companies in the country are Gaz de France, Engie, Total, etc.

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    1. FRANCE LNG MARKET: EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
    2. FRANCE OVERALL ECONOMIC CONDITIONS
    3. FRANCE PRIMARY ENERGY CONSUMPTION
    4. NATURAL GAS
      • FRANCE NATURAL GAS TOTAL PROVED RESERVES, PRODUCTION, AND CONSUMPTION
        • TOTAL PROVED RESERVES
        • NATURAL GAS PRODUCTION
        • NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION
        • TRADE
          • EXPORTS
          • IMPORTS
    1. LIQUIFIED NATURAL GAS
      • VALUE CHAIN ANALYSIS
        • EXPLORATION AND PRODUCTION
        • LIQUEFACTION
        • SHIPPING
        • STORAGE AND REGASIFICATION
        • END-USERS
      • TRADE
        • IMPORTS
      • LNG TERMINALS
        • LIST OF LNG IMPORT TERMINALS
      • REGULATORY FRAMEWORK FOR LNG

    LIST OF TABLES

    TABLE 1: FRANCE NATURAL GAS PRODUCTION, 2014-2020 (IN EXAJOULES)

    TABLE 2: FRANCE NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION, 2014-2020 (IN EXAJOULES)

    TABLE 3: FRANCE NATURAL GAS EXPORT, 2014-2020 (IN MILLION CUBIC METERS)

    TABLE 4: FRANCE NATURAL GAS IMPORT, 2014-2020 (IN MILLION CUBIC METERS)

    TABLE 5: FRANCE LNG IMPORTS, 2014-2020 (IN TERA JOULES)

    TABLE 6: LNG IMPORT TERMINALS, EXISTING

    TABLE 7: REGULATORY FRAMEWORK

    LIST OF FIGURES

    FIGURE 1: FRANCE GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT, 2016-2020 ($ BILLION)

    FIGURE 2: PRIMARY ENERGY CONSUMPTION, BY FUEL TYPES, 2019 & 2020 (IN %)

    FIGURE 3: PRIMARY ENERGY CONSUMPTION, 2015-2020 (EXAJOULES)

    FIGURE 4: FRANCE NATURAL GAS TOTAL PROVED RESERVES, 2000, 2010 & 2020 (IN BILLION CUBIC METERS)

    FIGURE 5: FRANCE NATURAL GAS PRODUCTION VS CONSUMPTION, 2014-2020 (IN EXAJOULES)

    FIGURE 6: VALUE CHAIN ANALYSIS

    FRANCE GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT, 2016-2020, ($ BILLION)

    france-lng-market-GDP

    GDP (constant 2010 US$)
    Source: World Bank

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