Poultry disease vaccines play a vital role in safeguarding the health and productivity of poultry flocks worldwide. They are designed to protect birds, such as chickens, turkeys, and ducks, from a range of infectious diseases that may pose a significant threat to the poultry industry. Some of these conditions include Marek’s disease, Newcastle disease, infectious laryngotracheitis, etc. As per Inkwood Research, the global poultry disease vaccine market is anticipated to grow with a CAGR of 8.02% by 2032.
Preventing diseases in poultry is of paramount importance, since an outbreak can devastate flocks, leading to significant economic losses and jeopardizing food security. In this regard, effective prevention measures, such as vaccination and biosecurity practices, are crucial for maintaining avian health and well-being. Controlling and mitigating the risk of these diseases also supports a consistent supply of high-quality poultry products for consumers.
Accordingly, in this blog, we’ll explore the importance of poultry vaccines in preventing three major disease outbreaks and ensuring a sustainable & efficient production system –
- Marek’s Disease: Marek’s disease is a highly contagious viral illness that primarily affects chickens. It can lead to severe economic losses in the poultry industry due to high mortality rates and decreased egg production. The condition’s symptoms can vary but often include paralysis, primarily in the legs and wings, leading to mobility issues. Infected birds may also experience weight loss, loss of appetite, and a drop in egg production.
However, clinical signs may not be immediately evident, making early vaccination and regular monitoring essential to detect and manage potential outbreaks in flocks. In this regard, administering chickens with Marek’s disease vaccine, particularly at a young age, helps build immunity and reduces the likelihood of infection and disease transmission. According to Inkwood Research, the global Marek’s disease vaccine market is projected to grow with a CAGR of 7.83% between 2023 to 2032.
- Newcastle Disease: Newcastle Disease manifests in a spectrum of symptoms, including respiratory distress, sneezing, coughing, and nasal discharge, in addition to nervous system signs like tremors and paralysis. Severe cases can also lead to high mortality rates in affected flocks. The Newcastle disease vaccine plays a pivotal role in preventing the condition’s devastating impact; immunizing birds with the vaccine helps to build resistance to the virus, subsequently reducing the severity of symptoms. As per our analysis, the global Newcastle disease vaccine market is forecasted to develop with a CAGR of 8.80% during the forecast period 2023-2032.
- Infectious Laryngotracheitis Disease: Infectious laryngotracheitis (ILT) poses a substantial threat to poultry, carrying various economic implications, as well. The disease is attributed to Gallid alpha herpesvirus type 1 (GaHV-1), more commonly referred to as infectious laryngotracheitis virus (ILTV). It manifests as upper respiratory tract inflammation, accompanied by symptoms such as thick mucus discharge, coughing, breathing difficulties, infraorbital sinus enlargement, decreased egg production, and weight loss. This ailment is marked by elevated morbidity rates, typically ranging between 90% to 100%, with variable mortality rates of 5% to 70%, most frequently falling within the 10% to 20% range.
In all, the surge in international trade of poultry products, as well as the heightened awareness of associated diseases, has contributed significantly to the increase in poultry vaccination rates. Hence, with the primary focus on addressing concerns related to the potential impact of disease outbreaks on global food security and livestock sustainability, this surge in trade is set to create new opportunities for the poultry disease vaccines market growth during the forecast period.
Vaccines can be administered through various methods, including drinking water, eye drops, spray, or injection, depending on the type of vaccine and the specific disease being targeted.
Poultry vaccines are designed for diseases like Marek’s disease, Newcastle disease, infectious laryngotracheitis, avian influenza, and coccidiosis, among others.